In the following article, we will get to know what EV cars mean, their benefits and how are they better than petrol or diesel.
An electric vehicle(EV) car utilizes an electric engine in place of a certain engine that consumes a combination of fuel and gases to generate electricity. As there is a rise in global warming every passing year and it affects the climate all over the world, it is essential to switch to as many eco-friendly ways as possible to save the present as well as the coming generation. Therefore, such vehicles like EV cars are being regarded as an achievable possibility for modern cars to solve challenges such as growing pollutants, climate change and depletion of natural resources.
Two Major Type of EV Cars:
Hybrid Electric Vehicle:
To lower fuel usage, a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) blends a traditional internal combustion engine (ICE) with a motor and battery pack. Since hybrid vehicles can only be filled with fuel sources like petrol, they drive similarly to conventional ICE cars.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle:
A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) is almost similar to a hybrid but has few major distinctions. Since the electric system conducts a lot of heavy lifting while driving, PHEVs often feature bigger car batteries and even more large electric motors than hybrids. In case, either the battery charge or petrol is fully consumed, a PHEV can win solely on the other alternative.
The electric vehicle’s motor is powered by a large battery that must be latched to the side charging equipment known as electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). The EV cars do not have a tailpipe or traditional liquid fuel components like a fuel tank since it runs on electricity.
Benefits of EV Cars that Are Better than Petrol and Diesel:
EVs are significantly more energy effective than standard gas-powered automobiles. When compared to gas-powered automobiles, electric vehicles convert a higher quantity of energy into cars.
The next advantage of electric vehicles is that they radiate limited pollutants and use less fuel. Tailpipe emissions, which are a major pollutant, are absent in electric vehicles.
Electric cars are high-performance and low-maintenance vehicles with motors that are not only quiet and smooth but also require less maintenance.
A rechargeable battery implies that fuel costs are significantly reduced. EV cars may go up to 100 miles approximately on a single charge, consuming no more than 40 kilowatt-hours (kWh). With an electric vehicle, the distance travelled for the same amount of money is approximately four times as long.
How do EV Cars Give Better Mileage?
When we start an electric car, it accelerates similarly to an automated vehicle. Most electric cars are automatic as they do not have gears. Energy is conveyed from the batteries to the electric engine once we push the accelerator.
When the motor is activated, the central shafts roll the tyres and when the car slows down or decelerates, the motor converts to an alternator which generates power. This energy is then reimbursed to the battery. Hence, being both eco friendly and pocket friendly.
This is what makes it better than petrol and diesel cars!